If application-aware processing cannot be used for some reason, select the Enable Hyper-V guest quiescence check box. The selected replication method applies to all VMs in the job. However, if you enable application-aware processing for VMs, the application-aware processing settings will have higher priority than the selected replication method.
For example, you add to the job two VMs that are registered on the same host. The Allow processing of multiple VMs with a single volume snapshot option is not applicable to VMs registered on Microsoft Hyper-V Server and later that are processed in the onhost backup mode.
Specify Service Account Settings Step 8. Specify Service Ports Step Specify Data Locations Step Begin Installation Step Install Missing Software Step 4. Specify Installation Settings Step 5. Specify Installation Path Step 6. Specify Server Name or Address Step 3. Choose Server Type Step 4. Specify Credentials Step 5. Review Components Step 6. Finish Working with Wizard Step 7. Specify Server Type Step 4. Specify Credentials Step 4.
Review Components Step 5. Choose Server Step 3. Configure Traffic Rules Step 4. Specify Object Storage Name Step 3. Specify Object Storage Account Step 4. Specify Object Storage Settings Step 5. Specify Object Storage Name Step 2. Specify Object Storage Account Step 3. Specify Object Storage Settings Step 4.After standing up a new Microsoft Hyper-V environment, creating and configuring virtual machines is one of the first tasks that by default, an administrator will be tasked with.
Hyper-V contains a wealth of possible virtual machine configuration parameters to suit the needs of most environments. One of the aspects of configuring Hyper-V virtual machines involves configuring Hyper-V virtual machine resources and settings. There is a wide range of settings that administrators can configure to tweak various aspects of performance and consumption for the specific virtual machine. This post on basic Hyper-V virtual machine resources and settings configuration will be a three-part series.
Configuration changes generally have a need that drives the change being made. The default settings for a virtual machine that is created in a Windows Server Hyper-V cluster has the following settings configured by default if you simply Next through the New Virtual Machine Wizard:.
As you can see from the above, there are certainly configuration changes that will need to be made for production workloads. The default settings are fairly anemic in many areas and with no networks connected, the VM will not be able to communicate with other virtual resources or the outside world. All workloads are not going to be the same running inside the Hyper-V virtual infrastructure.
There may be servers that only require a very limited number of resources such as a Windows services box or a file server serving out very small file resources. The great thing about virtualization in general from an efficiency perspective is, it allows tweaking these various server workloads running on the same physical host hardware differently.
This allows CPU, memory, and storage resources to be provisioned based on the needs of the virtual server rather than have all servers allocated with the exact same resources as this would be grossly inefficient. Hyper-V has some really great features for tweaking virtual machine resources so the VM can perform optimally, despite the workload that is running inside the guest operating system.
Hyper-V has several tools and utilities that are available for configuring and otherwise interactive with Hyper-V for management. This includes the Hyper-V Manager which is the default tool for configuring Hyper-V hosts and virtual machines.
Hyper-V Manager should open. Right-click on a virtual machine and select Settings. This will display the configurables for the processor section in the Hyper-V Manager for the particular virtual machine being edited. The resource control setting determines how the CPU scheduler allocates CPU resources for the virtual machine and how it consumes resources. For most, this setting will be best left to the defaults here as in general, the Hyper-V.
Scheduler does a much better job at scheduling CPU resources than can be manually configured for a VM. However, if you had a particular VM that you want to ensure always has more CPU resources than another, these settings can be used to reserve resources for a particular workload. Configuring the number of virtual processors assigned to the Hyper-V virtual machine.
The Compatibility subtree under the Processor node allows checking a box — Migrate to a physical computer with a different processor version. This allows limiting features that a VM can use and by extension, enables compatibility. However, a shutdown and move in this case would be recommended. Enabling Processor compatibility between hosts. The nuances of the NUMA architecture for virtual machines can be extremely detailed to explain and understand. However, NUMA in general provides efficiencies in the way that memory is accessed.The previous blog post covered how to create a Hyper-V virtual machine VM.
However, creating a Hyper-V VM is merely the first step of building a large-scale virtual environment; thereafter, you have to ensure that VMs that are running on a Hyper-V host are able to communicate with one another. For this purpose, you need to have knowledge on Hyper-V network adapters, the technology behind Hyper-V networking, as well as how Hyper-V networking can be configured.
A virtual network adapter also known as virtual NIC can be regarded as a virtualized version of a physical network adapter. It is used in Hyper-V environments to connect a physical server with other servers, VMs, or any other networking devices over a LAN connection. In short, vNIC enables and manages all network communications. However, you can assign additional IP addresses to that NIC in order to gain access to multiple subnets. When you install the Hyper-V role on your computer and start creating new VMs, you need to be aware of the networking configurations that are present by default.
As a result, this method allows you to isolate network traffic, and ensures that network communications are performed without disruption. We will discuss them both in detail. Select Settings. The new menu will open, providing information about the VM settings. Select the network adapter that you need and click Add. You will be redirected to the Network Adapter section where you can configure a new Hyper-V network adapter by choosing a virtual switch to connect to, by enabling VLAN identification and specifying VLAN ID, and by specifying the maximum and minimum amount of bandwidth usage.
You are also able to remove the Hyper-V network adapter by clicking Remove. Moreover, in Hyper-V Manager, you can modify hardware acceleration settings and enable more advanced features.
Double-click Network Adapter under the Hardware section. Select Hardware Acceleration. Hyper-V Virtual Machine Queue is a hardware virtualization technology that ensures direct network data transfer to the VM shared memory.
IPsec is the security protocol used for encrypting network data exchange. With IPsec task offloading enabled, you can offload IPsec-related tasks to a network adapter so as not to overuse hardware resources. Then, select Advanced Features to set up the advanced features on the virtual network adapter. Each feature is accompanied by a short description of how it can be used.
Hyper-V Network Adapters: What, Why, and How
Read them and decide which features should be enabled. As can be seen, configuration options in Hyper-V Manager are quite limited. For this reason, PowerShell can be used to provide more advanced functionality and multiple configuration options. Note that in order for the PowerShell cmdlets to work, you need to run PowerShell in administrator mode. Below is an example of how you can use this cmdlet:.
The following example demonstrates how you can add a second virtual network adapter in the management OS:. The Connect-VMNetworkAdapter cmdlet allows you to connect a virtual network adapter to a virtual switch of your choice. Ensure that neither of the VMs is in a running state. This PowerShell script can be used to disconnect all virtual network adapters that are connected to a virtual switch Default Switch in all VMs in Hyper-V environment.All the same Lynda.
Plus, personalized course recommendations tailored just for you. All the same access to your Lynda learning history and certifications. Same instructors. New platform. There are a number of Hyper-V settings options which can help determine the functionality of a Hyper-V server. In this video, learn how to manage Hyper-V settings. Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched? This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.
Type in the entry box, then click Enter to save your note. Start My Free Month. You started this assessment previously and didn't complete it.Windows 10 Hyper-V Part 1: Setup & Virtual Switches
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Video: Hyper-V settings. You are now leaving Lynda. To access Lynda. Visit our help center. Network Administration. Preview This Course. Course Overview Transcript View Offline - [Instructor] Once you have successfully installed … the Hyper-V role, the next thing you should do … is you should make sure that all of your Hyper-V settings … are properly configured.
Resume Transcript Auto-Scroll. Author Ed Liberman. This course explains how to install, configure, and work with the Hyper-V role in Windows Server Instructor Ed Liberman guides you through creating virtual switches, virtual machines, and virtual hard disks, and shares how to install a guest OS and manage checkpoints. He also covers how to efficiently implement storage migration and live migration. Skill Level Intermediate. Show More Show Less. Related Courses. Preview course. Search This Course Clear Search.
Increase enterprise network flexibility with Hyper-V 45s. What you should know 1m 42s. Install and Configure Hyper-V. Install the Hyper-V role 5m 41s.All the same Lynda.
Plus, personalized course recommendations tailored just for you. All the same access to your Lynda learning history and certifications. Same instructors. New platform. Now you'll see here that it is set to the C drive…in a folder called Hyper-V…and then a subfolder called Virtual Hard Disks. Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched? This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.
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6 Hardware Tweaks that will Skyrocket your Hyper-V Performance
Course Overview Transcript View Offline - [Instructor] The next step for getting ready…for virtualization after installing the Hyper-V role…would be to configure settings on the Hyper-V server.You will need to have gotten connected to a host and created at least one virtual machine instructions in the previous article before you can use the knowledge in this article. The Settings dialog is reached through the context menu for a virtual machine.
The two ways to gain access to the context menu are by right-clicking the virtual machine or by highlighting the virtual machine in the list so that its context menu appears in the lower portion of the right pane of Hyper-V Manager:. The left side is a series of tabs and sub-tabs that contain all the settings available in Hyper-V Manager to control a virtual machine. The following sections will cover each of these tabs and their settings in detail.
The purpose of this tab is fairly self-explanatory: it allows you to add virtual hardware to the virtual machine. The preceding screenshot is from a Generation 1 virtual machine. The options available to you are:. The possible boot sources are contained in the list box. You can highlight one and use the Move Up or Move Down buttons to place it in the desired priority order.
When booted, the virtual machine will attempt to start from the topmost item and work its way down until it finds a bootable device. The first item on this page is Secure Boot. With R2, this only works with Windows 8 or later and Windows Server and later. The next section of the dialog page is a boot priority list, same as on the Generation 1 and works the same way. The only real difference is the addition of the details display at the bottom that provides additional information about the highlighted boot item.
The Memory tab controls the way that physical memory is allocated to the virtual machine. Remember that memory is not a shared resource in the way that CPU is, so memory dedicated to a specific guest is unusable for any other purpose while that guest is turned on. The first option is Startup Memory.
This is one of the more important settings on the page. For guests that do not — or cannot — use Dynamic Memory, this number represents the entire amount of memory that the guest will have available. For guests that can use Dynamic Memory, this establishes how much they will have before their operating system loads and the Dynamic Memory driver takes control over memory allocation. The guest operating system will always believe that it has at least this much memory, and will use it for calculating any initial values that depend on the total quantity of memory such as caches.
This value cannot be changed while the virtual machine is active. The first item in the Dynamic Memory section enables the feature for the guest. Remember that Dynamic Memory also requires that the guest have Integration Services installed and functional or the virtual machine will always be set at its Startup Memory value.
The first option in this section is for the Minimum RAM value. There is no guarantee that a virtual machine can actually be reduced to this amount of memory. The value can be lowered, but not raised, while the guest is online.
The second option is Maximum RAMwhich sets the ceiling for the amount of memory that can be allocated to a guest. As with the minimum, there is no guarantee that this amount can be allocated to a guest. The maximum setting is 1 terabyte, which can be specified even if it exceeds the amount of physical RAM installed in the host. The value can be raised, but not lowered, while the guest is online.
The third and final option in this section is Memory buffer. This specifies the amount of memory that Hyper-V is to attempt to keep in reserve for increases to Dynamic Memory allocation.
The indicated ten percent is a sliding value. It is calculated based on the amount of memory currently assigned to the guest.No matter how fast it goes, we always want it to go faster. The less focused articles start with general Windows performance tips and sprinkle some Hyper-V-flavored spice on them. I would prefer if everyone just knew this upfront.
Unfortunately, it seems like I need to frequently remind folks that hardware cannot exceed its capabilities. So, every performance article I write will always include this point front-and-center. Each piece of hardware has an upper limit on maximum speed. Where that speed barrier lies in comparison to other hardware in the same category almost always correlates directly with the cost.
If you bought slow hardware, then you will have a slow Hyper-V environment. Production systems, especially server-class systems, almost never experience demand levels that compare to the stress tests that admins put on new equipment.
I wish the IT world would learn to accept that rotating hard disks do not move data very quickly. Or, you could get a stack of SSDs. Connect with fellow IT pros and master Hyper-V. If you carry out all or as many as possible of the above hardware adjustments you will witness a considerable jump in your hyper-v performance.
That I can guarantee. Find out more about it here: Supercharging Hyper-V Performance for the time-strapped admin. Note: This article was originally published on August It has been fully updated to be relevant as of October Did you know Microsoft does not back up Office data?
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Start your Free Trial now. Sign up to the Hyper-V Dojo Newsletter. Join thousands of other IT pros and receive a weekly roundup email with the latest content from the Hyper-V Dojo and become a Hyper-V master! Great article! These tips will definitely improve my future and existing configs. I usually keep my VMs on this drive. How would you do it? Is my setup style outdated or not ideal for Hyper-V?
I would probably not do that, but I also would not criticize anyone that did. I have not seen your performance traces so I cannot say with any certainty what I would do.
Following my current practice, I would build one large array and use logical disks to separate the management OS from the VMs.
Maybe you can get away with just using the 6x 1. Or, you might bump up to 8x 1. If you want to split the arrays, then I would not use GB drives for the boot array.